(from Lat. introitus, entrance). The initial proper* of the Common Service (see Liturgics); marks the entrance of clergy into the sanctuary in the beginning of the service and expresses the thought of the day. Texts are usually from OT The introit consists of antiphon, Ps, and Gloria Patri (addition of the latter assures a NT element). it is traditionally sung in plainsong settings. Hist. of the introit goes back at least to the 1st half of the 6th c. Several Sundays of the ch. yr. are named after the 1st word of the Lat. text of the introit for the day (see also Church Year, 14). See also Ambrosian Music.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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