Term applied to period bet. the OT and NT These yrs. witnessed diffusion of Gk. culture through conquests of Alexander III of Macedonia (356323 BC; the Great; succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, 336) and his successors, and conflict of Gk. (Hellenistic) and Jewish cultures. The life and thought of Jewish people, changed significantly (see Judaism, 2), formed the background for much of the NT See also Apocrypha.
D. S. Russell, Between the Testaments (Philadelphia, 1960), The Method and Message of Jewish Apocalyptic (London, 1964), and The Jews from Alexander to Herod (London, 1967); N. H. Snaith, The Jews from Cyrus to Herod (New York, n. d.); R. H. Pfeiffer, History of New Testament Times, With an Introduction to the Apocrypha (New York, 1949). HTM
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