Luth. work among Indians in the eastern US began soon after Swed. Luths. settled on the Delaware River. J. Campanius* tr. the SC into the language of the Indians. At the instigation of F. Schmid(t)* miss. work began 1845 near Sebewaing, Michigan At Frankenmuth, Michigan, F. A. Crämer* worked among Chippewa. The work was taken over 1849 by the Missouri Synod. E. O. Clöter* was Mo. Syn. miss. to Chippewa in Minnesota 185768. The Iowa Syn. (see Iowa and Other States, Evangelical Lutheran Synod of) made several attempts to est. missions among Indians in the NW (see also Braeuninger, Moritz). In Oklahoma a miss. was est. 1892 among Cherokee by the Dan. Ev. Luth. Ch. in Am. (see Danish Lutherans in America, 3). The Mo. Syn. also did miss. work among indians in Oklahoma In 1892 the Wisconsin* Syn. est. a miss. among Apache in Arizona (see also Harders, Johann Friedrich Gustav). The Mo. Syn. began work 1899 among Stockbridge Indians (named after Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where they were first gathered into a miss. town in the 1730s by J. Sergeant*) in Wisconsin The Syn. for the Norw. Luth. Ch. in Am. (see Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, The) founded Bethany Indian Miss. and Industrial School among Winnebago at Wittenberg, W cen. Wisconsin; it was dedicated July 4, 1887. The Eielsen* Syn. began miss. work near Wittenberg, Wisconsin, among Potawatomi in the 1890s. See also Indians, American, 10; Mexican Indian Mission; Michigan Synod, 1.
A. Keiser, Lutheran Mission Work Among the American Indians (Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1922); T. Graebner, Church Bells in the Forest (St. Louis, 1944); C. F. Luckhard, Faith in the Forest (Sebewaing, Michigan, 1952).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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