Christian Cyclopedia

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Index of Prohibited Books.

RC list of books proscribed for the faithful. Its hist. begins with a list promulgated 405 by Innocent 1 (d. 417; pope 401–417). Many individual works were condemned by popes or councils, e.g., “Three Chapters” (see Three Chapters, Controversy of); works of Photius,* J. S. Erigena,* J. Wycliffe,* J. Hus.* The Council of Trent,* 4th Session, decreed that no religious books should be pub. without ch. approval.

Paul* IV gave the task of cataloging forbidden books 1557 to a cong. of cardinals that had been appointed 1542 (see Inquisition, 5) and that pub. a list 1559. A commission appointed by the Council of Trent drafted a list ratified 1564 by Pius* IV (Sess. XVII at the beginning; XXV, Concerning the index of books etc.; Ten rules concerning prohibited books, appended to the Confirmation of the Council). Various rules and lists were drafted thereafter. Leo XIII (see Popes, 29) drafted a new Index and gen. rules governing censorship and prohibition of books. The norms were promulgated 1897 and a new Index pub. 1900. Several eds. were pub. later.

Alfredo Ottaviani (b. Rome 1890; cardinal 1953), head of Cong. for the Doctrine of the Faith, announced 1966 that no more eds. of the Index would be pub. But the RC Ch. still claims the right to prohibit books it regards dangerous to faith and morals.

See also Bellarmine, Robert; Wild, Johannes.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

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