(from Gk. hesychos, quiet). System of mysticism* in Eastern* Orthodox Ch.; propagated by monks of Mount Athos, Greece. Held that man, esp. through quiet of body and mind, could attain a vision of the Uncreated Light of deity (beatific vision) which was God's energy, but not His essence. When the system was attacked by the Calabrian monk Barlaam (ca. 12901350; b. Seminara, Calabria), it was vigourously defended by Gregorius Palamas (ca. 12961359; Gk. theol.; b. probably Constantinople) and ultimately accepted by the E ch.
MPG, 148; 150, 7711372; 151, 9678; 153.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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