The practice of supplying MSS with glosses, i. e., notes to explain certain words in the text, dates back to classical times. Glosses were also inserted in Bible MSS, both in the margin and bet. the lines. In the course of time they were extended to include a variety of explanatory material. Glossing was carried to great length in canon* law by glossarists, canonists of the 12th15th c., esp. in Bologna, It. By successive additions of masters a running comment was est. that explained, illustrated, and reconciled the various provisions. These glosses were highly regarded. The standard medieval commentary on the Bible became known as glos(s)a ordinaria or glos(s)a communis. See also Anselm of Laon.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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