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Freud, Sigmund

(1856–1939). B. Freiberg, Moravia, of Jewish extraction; educ. U. of Vienna; studied in Paris under Fr. neurologist Jean Martin Charcot (1825–93); founded psychoanalysis; developed technique for treating hysteria and neuroses. In Die Zukunft einer Illusion he describes religion as a neurosis of mankind in which the concept of God is a fictitious extension of the human father ideal as a refuge from fear. See also Adler, Alfred; Psychology, J 6; Psychotherapy, 10, 11.

E. Jones, The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud, (New York, 1953–57).


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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