1. Constitution (some call it a bull) issued 1317 by John XXII (see Popes, 13); restricted pluralism (one clergyman holding two or more benefices at one time) by limiting each clergyman to two benefices (one with, one without care of souls), cardinals and kings' sons excepted; expanded and consolidated practice of reservation.*
2. At an assembly of Christian princes at Mantua 1459 Gregory of Heimburg opposed the crusade proposed by the pope against the Turks. When the pope saw how things were going, he issued the bull Execrabilis January 1460. Gregory appealed from the pope to a gen. council. The bull, which excommunicated such appellants, was applied against Gregory. See also Popes, 15.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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