(180375). B. Göttingen; orientalist: prof. Göttingen 182737, Tübingen 183848, Göttingen 184867; helped found Protestantenverein (Protestant* Union) 1863. In opposition to the romantic conceptions of J. G. v. Herder* and J. G. Eichhorn* he interpreted the OT prophets idealistically; approach to the NT opposed that of F. C. Baur* and D. F. Strauss.* Works include Geschichte des Volkes Israel. See also Higher Criticism, 14.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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