1. Missionary period (until 1949). Work among Estonian immigrants in the US began as part of the for. language inner miss. endeavor of the LCMS Best-known Estonian miss. in the early 20th c., was Hans Rebane; he worked mainly in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. Conrad Klemmer (d. 1956) worked as the only Estonian miss. in the US 191356, serving congs. in New York, Boston, and Bogota and Paterson, New Jersey Despite faithful labors of the missionaries the spiritual needs of Estonians could not be met adequately.
2. Period of organization (194953). After WW II many Estonians made their home in the US, Swed., Can., Eng., Australia, and elsewhere. Fourteen congs. were est. in the US and 7 in Can. Most Estonian congs. belong to the Estonian Ev. Luth. Ch. in Exile (see Estonia, 3).
3. EELC in Exile in the US. Since 1953 Estonian Luth. congs. in the US are divided into First Bishopric, led by Dean Aleksander Hinno (b. 1904), and Chicago Bishopric, led by Dean Rudolf Kiviranna (b. 1912). HOK
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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