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Erastus, Thomas

(original name Lieber, Liebier, or Lüber; ca. 1524–83). Ger.-Swiss Zwinglian physician and theol.; prof. Heidelberg and Basel; as Zwinglian opposed both Calvinists and Luths.; present at theol. confs. bet. Luths. and Ref. at Heidelberg 1560, Maulbronn* 1564; helped introd. Heidelberg Catechism (see Reformed Confessions, D 2); Explicatio gravissimae quaestionis (written 1568; pub. 1589) places external affairs of ch., but not its spiritual functions (ministry of Word and Sacraments), under Christian ruler. See also Church and State, 12; Erastianism.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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