(ca. 341ca. 270 BC). B. Samos; Gk. philos.; founded Epicureanism*; probably studied under Pamphilus (Platonist) and Nausaphanes (Democritean); character changed from aggressive to gentle and considerate; founded school at Mytilene, on the is. of Lesbos, and at Lampsacus, Mysia; ca. 306 founded school at Athens. Adopted the materialistic atomism* of Democritus.*
N. W. DeWitt, Epicurus and His Philosophy (Minneapolis, 1954); A. M. J. Festugière, Epicurus and His Gods, tr. C. W. Chilton (Oxford, 1955); Epicurus: Letters, Principal Doctrines, and Vatican Sayings, ed. and tr. R. M. Geer (Indianapolis, 1964).
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