Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Ephraim; Ephrem; Ephraem Syrus, i. e. the Syrian; ca. 306–ca. 373). B. Nisibis; possibly accompanied Jacob* of Nisibis to Nicaea 325 AD; after cession of Nisibis to Persia 363, went to Edessa.* Exegetic, dogmatic, controversial, and ascetic writings, mostly in verse, reveal efforts to be a Scriptural theol. Wrote hymns for feast days and funerals, against heretics, and on the Last Judgment. Enjoined devotion to saints, esp. Mary, whose sinlessness he taught. Called “Harp (or Lyre, or Zither) of the Holy Ghost; Prophet of the Syrians.” See also Manuscripts of the Bible, 3 a; Patristics, 6; Schools, Early Christian, 4–6.

J. Alsleben, Das Leben des heiligen Ephraem, des Syrers (Berlin, 1853); Des heiligen Ephräm des Syrers ausgewählte Schriften, vol. 1 ed. O. Bardenhewer, tr. S. Euringer and A. Rücker, vol. 2 ed. and tr. A. Rücker, Bibliothek der Kirchenväter, series vols. 37 and 61, ed. O. Bardenhewer, K. Yeyman, and J. Zellinger (Kempten and Munich, 1919, 28); A. Vööbus, Literary, Critical, and Historical Studies in Ephrem the Syrian (Stockholm, 1958).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.

Content Reproduced with Permission

Stay Connected! Join the LCMS Network:

Contact Us Online
(Staff Switchboard)
(Church Info Center)
1333 S Kirkwood Rd
Saint Louis, MO 63122-7226 | Directions


Featured Publication

The Lutheran Witness

LCMS Communications

Interpreting the contemporary world from a Lutheran Christian perspective.
Visit TLW Online