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Ephesus, Third Ecumenical Council of

(431). Convoked by E Roman Emp. Theodosius* II, who favored Nestorius.* Opening of the council was postponed from day to day for 15 days because John of Antioch and other bps. from Syria and elsewhere in the E (adherents of Nestorius) and the representatives of Rome had not arrived. On June 22 Cyril* of Alexandria, chief opponent of Nestorius, refusing to wait longer, opened the council; the same day it condemned, deposed, and excommunicated Nestorius. The doctrine that Mary is Theotokos* (mother of God), and that God the Word was born, suffered, and died in the flesh, was adopted. The legates of Celestine I of Rome (pope 422–432), arriving later, joined in the condemnation of Nestorius July 10–11, trying to use the occasion in the interest of the primacy of Rome. The council also condemned Pelagianism* (in the doctrine of Celestius*) and the Messalians (Euchites*). See also Councils and Synods, 4.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod


Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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