(ca. 490ca. 430 BC). B. Agrigento Sicily; Gk. pluralist philos., statesman, and religious thinker; sought to reconcile logically immutable, single being (see Parmenides) with sensible world of change and motion (see Heraclitus) in a cosmological doctrine of 4 elements (earth, air, fire, and water) moved by love (attraction) and strife (repulsion). See also Psychology, B 2; Transmigration of Souls.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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