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Einstein, Albert

(1879–1955). B. Ulm, Ger.; naturalized Swiss at 15; prof. Zurich 1909–11, Deutsche U., Prague, 1911–12, Berlin 1914; adopted Ger. citizenship; to US 1933; mem. Inst. for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, 1933–45; naturalized Am. Contributions to science include special (1905) and gen. (1916) theory of relativity; formula for laws of gravitation and electromagnetism; formula for Brownian movement; law of photoelectric effect. Held the external world can only be grasped by speculative means since sense-perception gives only indirect information of it. Distinguished 3 stages in religious development: anthropomorphic, moral, and stage of “cosmic religion”; the last is the belief that the world is rationally ordered and that God is impersonal. Judaism, he held, is no transcendent religion; its God is “negation of superstition.” Works include The World As I See It. See also Time.


Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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