(the Elder; 170358). B. E. Windsor, Connecticut; pastor Northampton, Massachusetts; led revivals of 1734 and 1740; miss. to Indians and Cong. pastor, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 1751; wrote his most important works there; pres. Coll. of New Jersey (now Princeton U.) 1757. Writings defended Calvinism* against Arminianism,* opposed Half-Way* Covenant. de fended New Eng. revivals, and initiated the New* Eng.. Theol. See also Great Awakening in England and America.
The Works of President Edwards, 1st Am. ed., 8 vols. (Worcester, Massachusetts, 18089); A. Miller, Jonathan Edwards, in American Biography, ed.J. Sparks, I (New York, 1902); D. J. Elwood, The Philosophical Theology of Jonathan Edwards (New York. 1960); L. Howard, The Mind of Jonathan Edwards: A Reconstructed Text (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1963).
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