1. Franz (181390). B. and d. Leipzig; prominent theol. of the Erlangen school (see Lutheran Theology After 1580, 11); prof. Rostock, Erlangen, and Leipzig; special field was exegesis; acquainted with founders of the Mo. Syn.; enthusiastic Lutheran; later, influenced by modern scientific theol., opposed literalistic use of FC Works include commentaries on OT books in a series to which J. F. K. Keil also contributed; tr. NT into Heb.
2. Friedrich Conrad Gerhard (18501922). Assyriologist; b. Erlangen; d. Langenschwalbach; son of Franz; prof. Berlin 1899; lectures Babel und Bibel, in which he maintained that OT ideas originated in Babylonia, caused noted controversy; opponents showed that Biblical OT religion had unique divine origin. Works include Assyrische Grammatik; Assyrisches Handwörterbuch.
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