(180982). Eng. naturalist; Christian in youth, later freethinker.* Works include On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life, which substitutes mechanical (natural) for supernatural explanation of origin of varied forms of life. Held that in the struggle for existence the fittest survive and new species emerge as a result of natural selection. In The Descent of Man Darwin specifically included in his theory the human race as descended from an anthropoid animal. His theory of the origin and perpetuation of new species is called Darwinism.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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