(Creutziger; Creutzinger; Creuziger; Crutziger). 1. Caspar (Kaspar; 150448). The Eider; b. Leipzig; d. Wittenberg. Enrolled U. of Leipzig 1513; attended Leipzig* Debate; became follower of Luther; to Wittenberg 1521; studied theol., math, and botany at U. of Wittenberg; married Elisabethe von Meseritz (see 3); rector St. John's School, Magdeburg, 1525; helped make Magdeburg a Luth. stronghold; recalled to Wittenberg as prof. and pastor of the Castle Ch. 1528; secretary to Luther; aided Luther in tr. Bible; took part in theol. debates; willing to compromise with Zwinglians and RCs; helped draft Leipzig Interim* but died before it was pub. Works include In epistolam Pauli ad Timotheum priorem Commentarius; Enarratio Psalmi 116118; Der XX. Psalm für christliche Herrschaft zu beten; In Evangelium Johannis Apostoli Enarratio; Enarratio Psalmi: Dixit Dominus  et aliquot sequentium; Comment. in Matthaeum; In Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos Commentarius; De iudiciis piarum Synodorum sententia; Enarrationis Symboli Nicaeni articuli duo, de Synodis et tribus personis Divinitatis. See also Lutheran Confessions, B 1.
E. W. Löhn, Dr. Caspar Creutziger oder Cruciger, der Schüler, Freund u. Amtsgenosse Luther's u. Melanchthon's (Leipzig, 1859); T. Pressel, Caspar Cruciger, in Leben und ausgewählte Schriften der Väter und Begrüunder der lutherischen Kirche, ed. J. Hartmann et al., VIII, in vol. 4 (Elberfeld, 1862); H. Petrich, Caspar Cruciger (Hamburg, 1904); W. G. Tillmanns, The World and Men Around Luther (Minneapolis, 1959), pp. 9498. WGT
2. Caspar (Kaspar; 152597). The Younger; b. Wittenberg; son of Caspar the Elder (see 1) and Elisabethe (see 3); supported P. Melanchthon*; imprisoned; banished from Saxony as Philippist 1576; turned Reformed; pastor, and pres. of consistory, in Kassel. See also Altenburg Colloquy.
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