(May 26, 1812May 3, 1891). B. Kleinlangheim, Bavaria; studied theol. Erlangen 183032; mem. of a Patriotic Students' Soc. (Burschenschaft); imprisoned for participation in the 1833 Frankfurt Insurrection; released 1839, but remained under police surveillance; studied Gk. Ger., Fr., and Eng.; tutor to the only son of Count Carl von Einsiedeln 184143; tutor of the children of Lord and Lady Lovelace (the latter a daughter of Lord Byron), Devonshire, Eng., 1843; tutor of Ger. language and literature Oxford 1843. Took issue with Tractarianism* there and followed F. C. D. Wyneken's* appeal for Luth. ch. workers in Am.; this took him first to J. K. W. Löhe* in Neuendettelsau 1844; traveled through N Ger. in the interest of miss. in Am.; ordained by T. F. D. Kliefoth* in the cathedral of Schwerin April 4, 1845. Founded miss. colony at Frankenmuth, Michigan, 1845; mem. Michigan* Syn., but left it 1846 in protest against liberalism; helped found Missouri* Syn. 1847; continued till 1850 as pastor and Indian miss.; succeeded A. Wolter* as prof. at the Practical Sem., Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1850 and later became pres. of the sem.; when it was combined 1861 with the Theoretical Sem. at St. Louis, C. F. W. Walther* and he for a while were the faculty. For the sake of the many Norw. students he studied Norw. In 1875 he went with the Practical Sem. to Springfield, Illinois, as sole prof.; he was chief instructor after the arrival of H. C. Wyneken* 1876 and became dir. 1878. His activities included as many as 23 lectures a week; in summer vacations he often prepared emergency workers to be sent out in fall. While in Fort Wayne he also served the country cong. at Cedar Creek; while in St. Louis he founded and served the cong. at Minerstown; while in Springfield he served as vacancy pastor and as assistant pastor of the local cong., and at Chatham, 10 mi. SSW of Springfield.
See also Detzer, John Adam; Ministry, Education of, X F.
L. Fuerbringer, Friedrich August Crämer, L. u. W., LXVIII (1922), 18, 3340; F. Lochner, Ehrengedächtniss des seligen Herrn Friedrich August Crämer, Der Lutheraner, XLVII (1891), 147 to 149, 155157, 173174, 181182, 190191, 197 to 198, 203205; XLVIII (1892), 35, 1213, 2728. 3940, 4849, 5556, 7072, 7980, 8586.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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