(CORE). An organization that seeks to gain rights for African Americans chiefly through passive resistance. Organized 1942 Chicago by lames Leonard Farmer, former program dir. of NAACP; he was influenced by War Without Violence, written by Krishnalal Shridharani, pupil of Gandhi. The passive resistance movement was aided by Martin L. King* Jr. (see also Southern Christian Leadership Conference). In 1961 CORE conducted the first Freedom Rides into Alabama and Mississippi Farmer resigned from CORE effective 1966 to head the Center for Community-Action Education, Inc.
W. H. Burns, The Voices of Negro Protest in America (New York, 1963).
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