(Bekennende Kirche; Bekenntniskirche). Organized 1933 as the Pfarrernotbund (Pastors' Emergency League) under leadership of Martin Niemöller to oppose Ger. Christians controlled by Nazis. After WW II the movement continued. It adheres to the ancient creeds and Barmen* Theses. The Confessing Church professes adherence to the AC and other Reformation symbols. It is governed by a Bruderrat (Council of Brethren), consisting of representatives from various territories. See also Albertz, Martin; Kirchenkampf.
D. Schmidt, Pastor Niemöller, tr. L. Wilson (New York, 1959): C. S. Davidson, God's Man: The Story of Pastor Niemoeller (New York, 1959); W. Niemöller, Kampf und Zeugnis der Bekennenden Kirche (Bielefeld, 1948). EL
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