Est. 1902 by Leo XIII because of liberal tendencies in Biblical studies of RC scholars; composed of cardinals and consultants; chief functions are to foster Bible study and defend the truth of Scripture; in 1907 Pius X gave the same authority to its decisions as is ascribed to doctrinal decisions of Roman congs.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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