Founded 1864, when local unions or feds. of Christian (see also United Church of Christ, I B) and Disciples* of Christ chs. banded together under James F. Given, J. V. B. Flack, and others to achieve freedom from pol. and ecclesiastical interference in worship. The group has no binding creed and endeavors to grant every individual the right to his own interpretation of the Bible without controversy on disputed theol. questions, but stresses 7 principles: oneness of the ch., headship of Christ, Bible only rule of faith and practice, fruits of faith condition of fellowship, Christian union without controversy, autonomy of local cong., avoidance of pol. preaching. Ordains men and women. Speaks of baptism and Lord's Supper as ordinances. Local groups differ somewhat in name. Gen. organization includes a Gen. Council. See also Churches of Christ in Christian Union.
Life History of J. V. B. Flack, ed. J. Clevenger (Excelsior Springs, Missouri, 1912); H. Rathbun and A. C. Thomas, Christian Union and Bible Theology (Excelsior Springs, Missouri, 1911).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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