(Peter of Chelcice; ca. 1390 to ca. 1460). B. and d. Chelcice, S Bohemia. Extremely creative Hussite* lay theologian; social radical; writings wielded formative influence on the first-generation Bohemian* Brethren. Taught absolute separation of believers and the world; demanded strict adherence to Sermon on the Mount, central law of Christian life, which springs from baptismal regeneration and radical lifelong repentance. True believers, always a minority, are to flee communion with nominal Christians, esp. priests who administer Office of the Keys carelessly. Since a Christian may not use the sword, Chelcicky rejected Hussite warfare. Works include Postilla and Sit' viry (net of faith; Netz des Glaubens).
P. Brock, The Political and Social Doctrines of the Unity of Czech Brethren in the Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Centuries (The Hague, 1957); J. Goll, Quellen und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Böhmischen Brüder, II (Prague, 1882); M. Spinka, Peter Chelcicky, Church History, XII (December 1943), 271291. MSF
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