In NT chair used as symbol of authoritative teaching and exercise of authority (Mt 23:2 NEB). In early ch. apostolic chair or see (sedes apostolica) was bishopric allegedly founded by apostle (e.g., at Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem). Roman see early traced back to Peter; hence called Peter's chair (cathedra Petri; also sedes sancta, papalis, Romana). Chair on which Peter supposedly sat preserved at Rome (origin usually ascribed to much later period). In the 4th c. February 22 came to be celebrated as the date on which Peter ascended the chair. Jerome* placed celebration of Peter's chair at Antioch on February 22, at Rome on January 18; latter made official by Paul IV (pope 155559).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission
Internet Version Produced by
The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
All rights reserved.
Content Reproduced with Permission