A true believer can be certain of his salvation. The faith that justifies is itself a certainty of salvation; its essence is a being sure of God's grace in Christ Jesus (fiducia cordis), Heb 11:1; Jn 3:36; Ro 4:20, 21; Eph 2:5; 4:30; 2 Ti 1:12. ln Introduction to Romans Luther defines faith as a living, moving confidence in God's grace (WA-DB 7, 10). It is an indication of a weak faith when a Christian has doubts and feels uncertain that he is in a state of grace and will be saved. See Luther, WA 12, 386399; 10 Ia, 331; Ap IV 322355. See also Apologetics, III B; Assurance.
A. Kurz, Die Heilsgewissheit bei Luther (Güterslob, 1933); J. T. Mueller, Die Heilsgewissheit nach der Konkordienformel, CTM, V (March 1934), 172 to 178.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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