(John Cassian; Massiliensis; Eremita; ca. 360ca. 345). Monk and theol.; lived among monks of Egypt for a time; ordained deacon by Chrysostom; founded monastery and convent at Marseilles. Opposed Augustine's view of predestination on the one hand and Pelagianism on the other. Works include De institutis coenobiorum (introduced E monastic ideals in W); Collationes patrum; De incarnatione Domini. MPL, 49 and 50. See also Patristics, 6; Semi-Pelagianism.
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