Center of N Afr. Christianity for several centuries, Carthage was the scene of many important meetings already in the days of Cyprian* (d. 258). Beginning ca. 350, a number of councils and synods were held there in connection with the Donatist* schism. A gen. Afr. council held 393 at Hippo Regius, near Carthage, is notable for its complete list of NT books, confirmed 397 at Carthage. An important synod was held 418 at Carthage because of the hesitation of Zosimus of Rome to condemn Celestius* and Pelagius.* It adopted theses against Pelagianism on original sin, the absolute necessity of divine grace for salvation, and the reality of sin in Christian life. See also Pelagian Controversy, 5.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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