(17611834). Pathfinder in Eng. for modern missions. Shoemaker by trade; early interested in missions; studied theol.; pastor of Bap. chs.; gave impetus to founding Bap. Miss. Soc. October 2, 1792. To India 1793. Finding Eng. doors closed, he went to Serampore, Dan. India, and with Joshua Marshman* and W. Ward* founded a press. Translated Bible into Bengali; instrumental in tr. and pub. Bible in whole or in part in numerous other languages and dialects. See also Serampore Trio.
F. D. Walker, William Carey: Missionary Pioneer and Statesman (Chicago, 1951); J. C. Marshman, The Life and Times of Carey, Marshman, and Ward, 2 vols. (London, 1859).
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