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Calov(ius), Abraham

(1612–86). B. East Prussia. Educ. Königsberg and Rostock; prof. and pastor Königsberg; supt. of schools and churches 1641; pastor Danzig; pastor Wittenberg and gen. supt. of the district; head prof. and dean of faculty Wittenberg.

A man of great administrative ability and indefatigable industry, active in almost every phase of the church's work: administration, preaching, teaching. and writing. An effective teacher, lecturing to as many as 500 students at times. Wrote scores of books on every area of theol. many against syncretism*. Greatest work is his immense Biblia illustrata (1672–76), a commentary on the Bible which treats both individual verses and longer passages. Next in importance is his Systema locorum theologicorum (1655–77), in 12 vols., one of the most original and scholarly, if also tedious, dogmatic works of the day. lsagoges ad ss. theologiam (1652) was a very important contribution in the development of dogmatic prolegomena. All his works evince prodigious learning and great breadth of knowledge. Was particularly well versed in mathematics, philos., law, Heb., and patrology.

A controversial figure, a stubborn man, highly respected by his partisan colleagues, but despised by his theol. adversaries. Chief proponent of confessional Luth. orthodoxy against the syncretists of his day. His polemics were more tenacious than bitter; Kunze remarks that his continuous involvement in controversy has left a misleading impression of him.

J. W. Kunze, “Calovius,” Realencyklopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche, ed. A. Hauck, 3d ed. III (Leipzig, 1897), 648–654; A. Tholuck, Der Geist der lutherischen Theologen Wittenbergs im Verlaufe des 17. Jahrhunderts (Hamburg and Gotha, 1852); G. Walch, Historische und Theologische Einleitung in die Religions-Streitigkeiten der Evangelisch-Lutherischen Kirchen von der Reformation an bis auf jetzige Zeiten, 5 vols. (Jena, 1730 to 1739). RDP

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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