(16371707). Organist and Werkmeister (gen. overseer) of Marienkirche, Lübeck, 1668, succeeding Franz Tunder,* his father-in-law. Under Buxtehude's direction the Abendmusiken (evening concerts; originated ca. 1646) were presented Sundays at the end of the Trinity season and in Advent and gained great renown, attracting also young J. S. Bach,* who thus became a pupil of Buxtehude. Many of Buxtehude's cantatas and much of his organ music were written for these concerts. His greatness comes to light esp. in his organ works. His works are imbued with the spirit of Lutheranism as well as with the spirit of the North and of the Baroque* Era. He may be regarded as the most typical representative of the great North Ger. School of Luth. organists. See also Toccata.
M. Bukofzer, Music in the Baroque Era (New York, 1947) W. E. Buszin, Dietrich Buxtehude, Musical Quarterly, XXIII (October 1937), 465490; P. H. Lang, Music in Western Civilization (New York, 1941).
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