(Oxford Group Movement; First Century Christian Fellowship; Moral Re-Armament). Founded by Frank N. D. Buchman (18781961), grad. Mount Airy Luth. Theol. Sem. (ULC), Philadelphia. After a few years in the Luth. ministry Buchman was led at Keswick, Eng., to a new career of service, emphasizing absolute honesty, purity, unselfishness, and love. According to Buchmanism, the barrier of sin is removed by sharing (complete confession of all sins and witnessing this confession before others), surrender, restitution, and receiving and following immediate guidance from God. Thus Buchmanism tries to revitalize Christianity and supply men with moral rearmament.
G. C. Gast, Oxford Group Movement (Columbus, n. d.); W. G. Schwehn, What Is Buchmanism? (St. Louis, 1940); C. I. Benson, The Eight Points of the Oxford Group (New York, 1936); A. W. Eister, Drawing Room Conversion (Durham, North Carolina, 1950); P. Howard, Frank Buchman's Secret (New York, 1962).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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