Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia


(Oxford Group Movement; First Century Christian Fellowship; Moral Re-Armament). Founded by Frank N. D. Buchman (1878–1961), grad. Mount Airy Luth. Theol. Sem. (ULC), Philadelphia. After a few years in the Luth. ministry Buchman was led at Keswick, Eng., to a “new career of service,” emphasizing absolute honesty, purity, unselfishness, and love. According to Buchmanism, the barrier of sin is removed by “sharing” (complete confession of all sins and witnessing this confession before others), “surrender,” “restitution,” and receiving and following immediate “guidance” from God. Thus Buchmanism tries to “revitalize” Christianity and supply men with “moral rearmament.”

G. C. Gast, Oxford Group Movement (Columbus, n. d.); W. G. Schwehn, What Is Buchmanism? (St. Louis, 1940); C. I. Benson, The Eight Points of the Oxford Group (New York, 1936); A. W. Eister, Drawing Room Conversion (Durham, North Carolina, 1950); P. Howard, Frank Buchman's Secret (New York, 1962).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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