Originated 1922 by A. Friedmann* and popularized 1927 by G. E. Lemaître.* Holds that the universe began billions of yrs. ago with the explosion of a hot, dense blob of matter sometimes called the primordial fireball, primeval atom, or cosmic egg. The theory was modified by Martin Ryle (b. 1918; Eng. radio astronomer) and others. See also Cosmogony; Evolution, I.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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