(Lat. Bible of the poor). Books of late Middle Ages which attempted to illustrate with pictures the fulfillment of the OT in the NT (from Annunciation to crowning of Mary in heaven). NT picture is grouped with OT types and prophecies and explained with a biblical text. Title may refer to spiritually poor or to the fact that the Biblia pauperum was used by priests who preached to the poor. Among first books printed from blocks and type in Ger. and Neth. Copies in Lat. and Ger. extant. A similar work was called Speculum humanae salvationis. A work of Bonaventura* which arranged biblical events in alphabetical order was also called Biblia pauperum.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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