(18591941). Fr. Jew; philos.; b. Paris; prof. Coll. de Fr.; recipient of Nobel prize in literature 1927. In his philos. Bergson conceived of a vital impulse (élan vital) which is basic to all activity and the creative spirit of world-process. This god is itself not complete, but grows in goodness, knowledge, power, etc. He stressed the reality of time and the importance of change and evolution more than Hegel. Consciousness is continuous knowledge of the past and survives after death. Intuition was to him the highest source of truth, and in accordance with that view he took a special interest in mystics. Works include Time and Free Will (essay on immediate data of consciousness): Matter and Memory; Creative Evolution; Spiritual Energy; The Two Sources of Morality and Religion. See also Dynamism; Intelligence, Creative; Frocess Philosophy; Time.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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