(17921860). Prof. Blaubeuren sem. 1817; prof. Tübingen 1826. Founder and chief representative of Later Tübingen* School of theol.; applied G. W. F. Hegel's* principles of philos. to theol. The real essence of the Christian religion is to him the strictly ethical content of the teaching of Jesus, to the exclusion of the miraculous element; Peter represents the particularistic Jewish, Paul the universalistic heathen-Christian viewpoint of Christ's teaching; in the 2d c. these teachings were gradually brought into agreement; thus the Christian religion has a perfectly natural hist. development; of Paul's Epistles only those to the Romans, Corinthians, and Galatians are genuine; all the rest, because of their conciliatory tendency, are considered spurious. See also Ewald, Georg Heinrich August; Exegesis; Lutheran Theology After 1580, 10 and 12; Paul, Lives of; Ritschl, Albrecht Benjamin; Schwegler, Friedrich Carl Albert; Strauss, David Friedrich; Weizsäcker, Karl Heinrich von; Wieseler, Karl; Zeller, Eduard.
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