Bataks are a vital energetic people in the region of Lake Toba in N Sumatra (see Indonesia, 4). H. Lyman* and 3. Munson,* Am. missionaries who made the first attempt to reach the fierce Bataks, were killed 1834 as they approached the first village.
L. I. Nommensen,* sent by Rhenish* Mission Soc. entered the land alone 1864; he baptized 4 men with their wives and children (August 27, 1865). In 1877 he est. a theol. training school. Nommensen tr. NT into language of the Bataks (1878) and P. H. Johannsen the OT (1894).
The Batak Prot. Christian Ch. (Huria Kristen Batak Protestant) adapted the adat (ethical code of the Bataks), but its Confession rejects it as the basis of the ch. The AC and Luther's SC were included as conf. bases in the 1930 const. The Batak ch. drew up its own conf. (Confession of Faith of the Huria Kristen Batak Protestant) for admission into the LWF in 1951, probably because of resurgent nationalism. The conf. presents Luth. doctrine.
An ordained pastor is usually in charge of 8 to 14 Batak congregations, each of which has its own teacher-preacher assisted by lay presbyters. At the head of the ch. is the ephor.* The ch. has an extensive school system. Nommensen U. was est. 1954.
See also Zending Batak.
J. Ellwanger, The Batak Protestant Christian Church, CTM XXX (January 1959), 117; J. Sarumpaet-Hutabarat, Women under the Adat, Lutheran World, II (Summer 1955), 114125; A. Bäfverfeldt, Comparative Studies on Constitutions of Younger Churches, Lutheran World, I (Autumn 1954), 228 to 233; K. Bridston, A Younger Church in Stormy Seas, Lutheran World, II (Spring 1955), 7174; A. Lumbantobing, Christian Education in the Batak Church, Lutheran World, II (Autumn 1955), 291 to 296; H. Meyer, Study on the Transmission of our Faith as a Constitutive Element in the Growth of the Younger Churches, Lutheran World, I (Autumn 1954), 225227; F. A. Schiotz, A Visit Among the Bataks in Indonesia, Lutheran World Review, I (January 1949), 114; F. A. Schiotz, Lutheran World Missions, The International Review of Missions, XLIII (1954), 311322; M. H. Bro, Indonesia: Land of Challenges (New York, 1954). Theologische Existenz Heute, new series, No. 137: L. Schreiner, Das Bekenntnis der Batak-Kirche (Munich, 1966). EL
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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