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Barnes, Robert

(ca. 1495–1540). Educ. Louvain and Cambridge; prior of Augustinian monastery, Cambridge; leader of scholars and future reformers who met secretly at the White Horse Inn, Cambridge, ca. 1521–25. Convicted of heresy by Wolsey 1526, Barnes fled to Continent 1528; became close friend of Luther, Melanchthon, Bugenhagen, and others at Wittenberg. At Wittenberg he wrote a Lat. epitome of the main doctrines of the AC titled Sententiae, A Supplication to the Most Gracious King Henry VIII which included 10 doctrinal essays and a short Lives of the Popes. After the fall of Wolsey (1529) Barnes became royal chaplain and an important figure in the Anglo-Luth. diplomacy 1532 to 1540. Burned at Smithfield 1540 when that diplomacy collapsed, he made a fine confession of faith, printed at Wittenberg with a preface by Luther. Helped form Wittenberg* Articles. Other works include Vitae romanorum pontificum; A Supplication unto the most gracious Prince King Henry VIII; Sentenciae ex doctoribus collectae, quas papistae ualde impudenter hodie damnant (under pseudonym Antonius Anglus). See also England, B 2.

Definitive ed. of his works: The Works of Tyndale, Frith and Barnes, ed. John Foxe (London, 1572); The Reformation Essays of Dr. Robert Barnes, ed. N. S. Tjernagel (London, 1963); E. G. Rupp, Studies in the Making of the English Protestant Tradition (Cambridge, 1949). NST

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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