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Antioch, Synods of.

Among the syns. held at Antioch on the Orontes, in Syria (now in S Turkey), one was reported as held ca. 251/252 and dealing with Novatianism*; ca. 264–269 two or three syns. dealt with Paul* of Samosata, condemning his teaching on the Person of Christ; ca. 326/331, deposed Eustathius* of Antioch; 341, “Dedication Council” (concilium in encaeniis, from Gk. for “in dedication”), held at the dedication of the “Golden Ch.” (begun by Constantine* I, completed by Constantius* II), attended by Constantius II, adopted 3 or 4 creeds to replace the Nicene, and condemned Athanasius; 344, adopted a Semi-Arian creed; 354, Arian, again condemned Athanasius; 358, condemned both homoousios* and homoiousios*; ca. 360/361, elected Meletius bp. of Antioch (see Meletius of Antioch); 362, dominated by Arians; 363, 378, accepted Nicene faith; a syn. is thought by some to have been held ca. 388/390 and to have condemned the Euchites* (or at least that some opposed them); Monophysitism,* Nestorianism,* and Pelagianism* were dealt with in syns. in the 5th and 6th c.

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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