(from Gk. anatole, sunrise; land E of the Aegean Sea). (1) One of the 3 themes (themata; provinces) into which the 2 Phrygias (Prima [or Great, or Pacatiana, or western; Graeco-Roman] and Secunda [or Little, or Salutaris, or eastern, in which native manners and language remained]; these 2 Phrygias resulted from division of ancient Phrygia by Diocletian* at the end of the 3d c.) were divided in the military reorganization of the E Roman empire under Constans II Pogonatus (630668; Constantinus; son of Constantine III; grandson of Heraclius*; b. Constantinople; Byzantine [E Roman] emp. 641668). (2) In course of time the name was applied to the peninsula of Asia Minor; the heart of the Ottoman empire, it was included 1923 in formation of the Rep. of Turkey. See also Abercius, Inscriptions of; Middle East, B.
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