In philos. and religion, the view that action, esp. spiritual activity, is the essence of reality; found in Aristotle's* conception of divinity, G. W. v. Leibniz,* J. G. Fichte,* M. Blondel*; usually opposed to intellectual conceptions of truth; found expression in pragmatism,* modernism,* Social* Gospel. The word has been extended to apply to any philos. or theol. that emphasizes activity. See also Eucken, Rudolf Christoph.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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