Accounts of the trial and death of early martyrs; circulated and often read on their birthdays. Early Acta include those dealing with Polycarp,* Justin* Martyr, the Scillitan* Martyrs, and Felicity* and Perpetua.* Beginning with the 4th c., records of martyrs were collected in calendaria (names of martyrs, later with biographical and other material, in calendar form for liturgical use) and martyrologia (more detailed memorial books for private devotion and instruction). The martyrology of Ado,* compiled from a spurious source in 858, influenced the martyrology of Usuard,* issued 1584 by Gregory* XIII.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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