(October 25, 1811May 7, 1887). 1. Brother of O. H. Walther*; prominent Luth. theol.; b. Langenchursdorf near Waldenburg, Saxony, Ger.; his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather were Luth. pastors; educ. Leipzig, where rationalism ruled; influenced for Christianity by a group of earnest students, the F. W. Barthel* family, and M. Stephan* Sr.
3. Walther emigrated to the US 1839 with other Saxons (see Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod, The, II); pastor Dresden, Perry Co., Missouri; helped found log-cabin coll. (see Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod, The, II 4).
4. For subsequent events, including organization of the Mo. Syn., see Altenburg Debate; Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod, The, II 2 to III 2; Ministry, Education of, X E. Walther promoted Bible-centered educ. and growth on all levels.
In 1854 the Mo. Syn. authorized pub. of a theol. journal ed. by Walther; he ed. Lehre und Wehre 185560, coed. 186164; see also Lutheran ChurchMissouri Synod, The, V 2. Walther gave first impetus toward calling free* Luth. conferences beginning 1856, took part in the 1866 Buffalo* Colloquy and a colloquy with representatives of the Iowa Syn. November 1318, 1867, Milwaukee, on open* questions, millennialism,* antichrist,* and the meaning of confessional subscription. He helped form the Synodical* Conference.
6. Walther gave direction to those who formed The Eng. Ev. Luth. Syn. of Missouri* and Other States. In 1878 Capital U., Columbus, Ohio (see Universities in the United States, Lutheran, 1), a school of the Ohio Syn., which was in doctrinal agreement with the Mo. Syn., conferred on him the unearned, yet gratefully bestowed title of DD (which he had refused for doctrinal reasons 1855 when an honorary doctorate was offered by the U. of Göttingen). From the early 1870s much of his time was taken up by the predestinarian controversy (see Predestinarian Controversy, 2), which erupted in the open 1880.
10. In addition to works mentioned or referred to above: Walther issued an amplified ed. of J. W. Baier's* Compendium theologiae positivae; ed. Der Lutheraner. Other works include Americanisch-Lutherische Pastoraltheologie; Casual-Predigten und-Reden; Communismus und Socialismus; Die Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche die wahre sichtbare Kirche Gottes auf Erden; Festklänge; Gnadenjahr; Der Gnadenwahlslehrstreit; Licht des Lebens; Lutherische Brosamen; Die rechte Gestalt einer vom Staate unabhängigen Evangelisch-Lutherischen Ortsgemeinde; Die rechte Unterscheidung von Gesetz und Evangelium; Die Stimme unserer Kirche in der Frage von Kirche und Amt; Tanz und Theaterbesuch; Thesen über den Wucher.
M. Günther, Dr. C. F. W. Walther: Lebensbild (St. Louis, 1890); C. L. Janzow, Life of Rev. Prof. C. F. W. Walther, DD (Pittsburgh, 1899); D. H. Steffens, Doctor Carl Ferdinand Wilhelm Walther (Philadelphia, 1917); W. G. Polack, The Story of C. F. W. Walther (St. Louis, 1935); W. Dallmann, W. H. T. Dau, Th. Engelder (ed.), Walther and the Church (St. Louis, 1938); Briefe von C. F. W. Walther an seine Freunde, Synodalgenossen und Familienglieder, ed. L. Fuerbringer, 2 vols. (St. Louis, 191516); J. L. Gruber, Erinnerungen an Prolessor C. F. W. Walther und seine Zeit (Burlington, Iowa, ); L. W. Spitz, The Life of Dr. C. F. W. Walther (St. Louis, 1961); Letters of C. F. W. Walther: A Selection, tr. and ed. C. S. Meyer (Philadelphia, 1969); Walther Sesquicentennial No. of the CTM (October 1961).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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