Vows of voluntary poverty, celibacy, and obedience made by those entering various RC orders. Vows may be solemn or simple. Solemn vows are for life; simple vows are either for a limited time or for life; further differentiation is difficult. Solemn vows are preceded by simple vows. The RC Ch. claims authority to release from vows, tries to compel observance if dispensation is withheld. M. Luther condemned RC practice of continued celibacy under vow if the gift of continence is found to be lacking (WA 10 II, 151).
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod
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