Christian Cyclopedia

About the Cyclopedia

Utenhove, Jan

(ca. 1520–65). B. Gent, Belg.; studied at Louvain; fled 1544 because of his Ref. faith; to Aachen, Cologne, Strasbourg; driven by Interim* to Eng.; with J. Laski* organized Neth. refugee chs.; went with cong. expelled from London by Mary* I through Den. to Emden, Wesel, and Frankfurt; promoted Ref. in Poland with Laski 1556–59. Works include Rationes quaedam (against Luth. doctrine of Lord's Supper); tr. of Laski's Compendium doctrinae.


Theory elaborated by J. Bentham,* J. S. Mill,* and others acc. to which the morality of conduct is determined by its ability to promote the greatest happiness of the greatest number of people. The term has come to be used in various meanings. See also Ethics, 4; Gay, John; Paley, William; Sidgwick, Henry; Tucker, Abraham.

Utrecht, Declaration of.

Formalized declaration of doctrinal basis of Old* Caths. Reaffirmed the proposition of Vincent* of Lérins; subscribed to the ecumenical* creeds and the universally accepted dogmatic decisions of ecumenical councils of the first 1,000 yrs. Rejected the doctrine of papal infallibility and supremacy and of the immaculate* conception. Rejected Unigenitus,* the Syllabus* of Errors, and similar RC pronouncements. Rejected the Council of Trent* decisions regarding discipline and those of its doctrinal definitions that disagree with the early ch. Affirmed true reception of the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist; rejected RC doctrine of the unbloody sacrifice of the mass.

Utrecht, Treaty of

(Peace of Utrecht). Series of treaties signed at Utrecht, Neth., 1713–14, ending the War of the Sp. Succession; included recognition by Louis* XIV of Fr. of the Prot. succession in Eng.

Utrecht Missionary Society

(Utrechtsche Zendings-Vereneging). Founded 1859 in the interest of miss. work in the Dutch (or Neth.) E. Indies; first missionaries sent 1863; combined 1951 with other agencies to form Netherlands* Ref. Ch., Bd. of For. Miss..

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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Content Reproduced with Permission

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