The 3 Chaps. in tension with monophysitism*; 1. Person writings of Theodore* of Mopsuestia; 2. Writings of Theodoret* of Cyrrhus against Cyril* of Alexandria; 3. Letter of Ibas* to the Persian bp. Maris, in which he complains of outrages of Cyril's party in Edessa. Theodore was not mentioned, Theodoret and Ibas were upheld 451 at Chalcedon.* In hope of conciliating monophysites, Justinian* I condemned the 3 Chaps. 543/544 and 551. Controversy resulted. The 5th ecumenical council (see Constantinople, Councils of, 2) anathematized the 3 Chaps.. A lasting schism resulted. See also Christological Controversies; Popes, 3.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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