(Torun). City in N cen. Poland. Birthplace of N. Copernicus.* Meetings of Polish and Lith. Prots. (1595) and of Polish Prots. and RCs (1645) held here. Insolent and provocative conduct by Jesuit students in a Corpus Christi procession 1724 so enraged Prots. that they destroyed the RC school in the city, but without loss of life; Jesuits succeeded in having 10 leading Prot. citizens executed in retaliation (Massacre of Thorn). See also Poland, 4; Reformed Confessions, D 3 c; Syncretism.
Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
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