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Slavery, Biblical Reference to.

Slavery was practiced among Jews from the time of Abraham, but consciousness of caste is hardly noticeable in patriarchal days; master and slave lived together as mems. of a household (cf. Gn 15:2–3; 24; 1 Sm 9:5–10; Pr 29:19–21). During the period of the kings the condition of slaves became more intolerable (2 K 4:1; Am 2:6; 8:6). Nehemiah tried to rectify conditions that fostered slavery (Neh 5:4–11).

Servitude of Heb. slaves was regulated by laws that regarded them as hired servants (cf. Ex 21:1–11; Lv 25:39–55; Dt 15:12–18). The lot of for. slaves was less tolerable (cf. Dt 20:10–15; Ju 1:28), but they, too, lived as mems. of a religious community (Dt 12:12, 18; 16:11, 14; 21:10–14). The nations that sold Israelites into slavery were denounced (Jl 3:6; Am 1:6). The number of slaves in Israel was never as large as among the Gks. and Romans.

Christianity did not require masters to release their servants (cf. Eph 6:5–9) but invited all to be children of God, without soc. distinction (1 Co 7:21–22; Gl 3:28; Cl 3:11; Phmn 10, 16).

Edited by: Erwin L. Lueker, Luther Poellot, Paul Jackson
©Concordia Publishing House, 2000, All rights Reserved. Reproduced with Permission

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The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Original Editions ©Copyright 1954, 1975, 2000
Concordia Publishing House
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Content Reproduced with Permission

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